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How Important is Early Intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorder?

May 13, 2024

Your child has been showing signs of autism, yet there’s a part of you that thinks it’s too early to intervene. You’ve read about various management strategies, but how important is early intervention in autism?

Early intervention services for autistic children have been shown to have a lasting impact on their development. Although there can be a time of growth and regression, it is important to note that this occurs in all children of differing and typical development.

When parents and caregivers start noticing changes in behavior and questioning whether their child is exhibiting developmental delays, it would be recommended that they talk to the child’s doctor. This article will explore the importance of early intervention and what you can do to help your little one.

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What is the Importance of Early Intervention in Autism? 

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends early intervention and detection for the best outcomes in their article. They also stated that during the controlled trial that the article is based on, early intervention in autism can help support and possibly improve both cognitive and flexible or adaptive thinking and behavior.

Children with autism can be diagnosed as early as two years old. If they receive early intervention services, they are at a significant advantage for longer-term effects from their therapy and services.

An early intervention program may include:

  • parent and caregiver education and training
  • speech therapy
  • services for hearing difficulties and impairments
  • physical and occupational therapy
  • health and nutrition therapy and services

The earlier an autistic child can receive services, the better outcomes they may have. Young children have higher brain plasticity, which means that their brain is better able to absorb and change with the treatments. 

As a result,  they have a higher likelihood of effectiveness for longer and have a greater chance of reaching their goals and potential at an earlier age, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institute of Health.

What are the Benefits of Early Intervention? 

Since young children with autism can have developmental delays, the younger they start receiving effective therapies, the more positive outcomes and progress they may experience like:

  • higher cognitive skills and abilities
  • improvement with social interactions, development, and emotional skills
  • better expression and understanding of communication with others
  • improved fine, gross motor, and other physical abilities

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), early intervention services can help children with autism as young as three years old, some even younger, depending on their diagnosis. These services revolve around therapies to help with speech, movement, and social and emotional skill-building.

How Important is Early Intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorder?
https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/early-intervention-autism/

Parents need to talk to their child’s doctor as soon as they are concerned with their child’s development, the possibility of autism, or other developmental disorders. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) allows younger children with autism to receive services and support sooner through early intervention services and other state or territory support.

Children who have not received an official diagnosis can receive treatment and services sooner, such as:

  • speech therapy
  • occupational therapy
  • physical therapy
  • educational interventions (Individualized Education Plan (IEP), or 504 plan)

This is not an exhaustive list; parents and caregivers can start conversations with their child’s doctor or other practitioner. Early interventions greatly help the overall outcome for children, even without the formal autism spectrum disorder diagnosis.

In the United States, parents don’t need to have their child diagnosed through a doctor. They can contact their local school district. Even if the child is not school age, the parent just needs to ask to talk to someone who can help with their child’s diagnosis. This is called a “Child Find” evaluation.

How Can Parents Spot Autism Early On? 

Parents are generally the first to notice when something may seem different with their child. If a parent or caregiver starts noticing that their child may be experiencing developmental delays, doesn’t maintain eye contact like other children their age, or has different behaviors like hand flapping, turning in circles, or other behaviors that concern them, they can start by talking to their child’s doctor.

The child’s doctor should have information and be able to start with an assessment. If not, they should be able to refer the child to a specialist that can help. Parents can also contact their local school system and request an evaluation.

The earlier children with autism are diagnosed, the sooner they can receive early interventions and services.


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Conclusion

Early intervention in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is paramount, as it can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with ASD and their families. The evidence overwhelmingly supports the notion that starting intervention services as early as possible can lead to better communication, social skills, behavior, and overall development outcomes.

FAQs

Q: Why is early intervention critical in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

A: Early intervention is crucial in autism because it takes advantage of the brain’s high plasticity during early development, providing the best opportunity to improve core deficits in communication, social interaction, and behavior.

Q: What common signs might warrant early intervention for autism?

A: Early signs that may indicate a need for intervention include delayed speech and language development, difficulty with social interactions, repetitive behaviors, and sensory sensitivities. However, it’s important to remember that ASD is a spectrum, and the signs vary widely.

Q: At what age should early intervention for ASD begin?

A: Early intervention can start as early as a few months of age if developmental concerns are present. However, intervention can be beneficial at any age, so it’s never too late to seek support for a child with autism.

Q: What therapies or interventions are typically included in early intervention for ASD?

A: Early intervention programs often involve speech therapy, occupational therapy, applied behavior analysis (ABA), and developmental therapies. The specific therapies chosen depend on the child’s needs and can vary widely.

Q: How can families access early intervention services for a child with ASD?

A: Families can access early intervention services by contacting their local early intervention program, which can be found through their state or regional government resources. Pediatricians and child development specialists can also provide referrals and guidance on accessing appropriate services.

References

Early Intervention for Autism
https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/autism/conditioninfo/treatments/early-intervention#:~:text=Early%20intervention%20programs,Nutrition%20services

Mechanisms of learning and plasticity in childhood and adolescence
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013153/

Efficacy of very early interventions on neurodevelopmental outcomes for infants and toddlers at increased likelihood of or diagnosed with autism: A systematic review and meta-analysis https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37036800/

American Academy of Pediatrics. (2010). Randomized, Controlled Trial of an Intervention for Toddlers With Autism: The Early Start Denver Model.
https://publications.aap.org/pediatrics/article-abstract/125/1/e17/29731/Randomized-Controlled-Trial-of-an-Intervention-for?autologincheck=redirected

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Accessing Services for Autism Spectrum Disorder. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/accessing-services-for-autism-spectrum-disorder.html

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institute of Health. (2021). Early Intervention for Autism.
https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/autism/conditioninfo/treatments/early-intervention

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